Dystocia can be classified into two categories:
- Functional – due to weak contractions.
- Obstructive – due to large foetuses becoming stuck in the birth canal (either a small birth canal or large foetus, or malpositioned foetus.
- Foetus presented at vulva, but appears stuck.
- Constant, unproductive labour and contractions for 30 minutes with no puppy or kitten produced.
- Weak contractions over 2 – 3 hours with no puppy or kitten produced.
- More than 2 hours between puppies or kittens with no evidence of contractions.
- Discharge that looks like blood or pus, or green discharge before any puppies or kittens have been born.
- If the mother appears unwell (e.g. is vomiting or lethargic).
If you see any of these signs they are suggestive of dystocia, and you should seek veterinary attention immediately. Dystocia can be life threatening for the puppies, kittens and in some cases for the mother.
What to Expect at the Vet
Blood tests to diagnose the underlying cause if needed (for example to check glucose and calcium levels in the blood).
Possibly intravenous fluids to correct dehydration.
Intravenous or injectable medications to correct any metabolic or electrolyte abnormalities, and improve contractions.
Radiographs (x-rays) and or ultrasound to assess for foetal numbers and viability.
Surgical intervention (such as caesarean section) if indicated.
If your pet is experiencing dystocia, there is very little you can do to help at home.
During whelping, keep the mother-to-be in a quiet, dark and stress free area with minimal distractions. You should monitor labour carefully but try to avoid disturbing your pet. If at any stage you are concerned, contact your veterinarian.
Early intervention in the case of dystocia will give both mother and young the best chance of survival. If your pet experiences this problem during the day, you should go to your regular vet sooner rather than later to avoid having to go to your emergency hospital.
Veterinary Career Opportunity
Found A Baby Bird?
Perth Vet Emergency Are Recruitin...
Restraining Dogs In Cars
What Is Vestibular Disease In Pets?
Can I Give My Dog Panadol?
Garfield Wounded From A Cat Fight
Cats With Cat Fight Wounds
Cats Wanted For the PVE Blood Don...
Emergency Planning For Perth’s ...
The Patients Of Perth Vet Emergency
Dogs And New Years Eve Fireworks
Lucky The Golden Retriever Was Lu...
Chihuahua Visits PVE With A Close...
Corneal Ulcers In Pets
Bernie Treated For Rat Bait Poiso...
Rottweiler Visits Emergency After...
Grape, Sultana And Raisin Toxicit...
Patient Testimonials 2016
Cat Owner Articles
Penis Injuries In Dogs
How To Give Ear Medication To You...
Dogs Afraid Of Thunder
Kidney Stones In Pets
Lilies Are Very Toxic To Cats
Dogs That Can’t Swim
Brachycephalic Dogs And Cats
Stray Cat Reunited With Owner
Antifreeze Toxicity And Pets
Kidney Failure In Pets
Red Heeler Presents With Kidney F...
Blood Donors Save Newfoundland’...
How To Bottle Feed A Kitten
What Is Pet Ventilation?
Some Fun With Our Pet Census 2016
Possum Needs Veterinary Help Afte...
After Hours Veterinarians In Perth
Lithium Batteries Are Very Danger...
What Is A Pet Ultrasound?
Does My Rabbit Have GI Stasis?
GI Stasis Troubles A Dwarf Lop R...
Siberian Husky Has A Stomach Full...
Bronson Saves Pets Lives By Donat...
Patient Testimonial: Beccy Moreton
How To Perform CPR
Heat Stroke - The Symptoms In Pets
Pets And Toxins
Rat Bait Is Very Dangerous For Pets
What To Do If Your Dog Has A Bloa...
Pets Eyes And Medical Emergencies
Stick Injuries And Pets
My Pet Is Vomiting
Broken Legs Or Penetrating Wounds
What To Do If Your Pet Drinks Sea...
My Pet Has Eaten Chocolate
Pet Has Eaten Snail Pellets
My Pet Is Having A Seizure
Pets With Head Traumas
What To Do If Your Pet Nearly Dro...
My Pet Has Eaten A Blowfish
Pets Bitten By Snakes
Pets With Insect Bites Or Stings
Advice For Pets Having Trouble Gi...
Whelping Dogs And Milk Fever
Cat Twitching After Flea Treatment
A Small List Of Non Toxic Plants ...
Transporting Your Sick Or Injured...
Pet Trauma Symptoms And Advice
Thanks For Completing Pet Census ...